Filarete (Antonio di Pietro Averlino, Averulinus)
architect; about 1400; d. after 1465.
The surname Filarete (phil-arete, lover of virtue) is given by Vasari, but is not found in contemporary sources. He assisted Ghiberti on the second gate of the baptistery. Filarete made for Eugenius IV (Pope 1431-1447) the bronze doors of S. Peter's church at Rome (1445). Soon after the accession of Nicholas V (Pope 1447-1455) he went to Milan, where he held the position of cathedral architect from February, 1452, to July 5, 1454. Filarete's chief work is the Ospedale Maggiore at Milan, of which the first stone was laid April 12, 1457. He undoubtedly made the plans and carried out the southwestern short side and the adjacent portions of the long side as far as the main court. He left the work in 1465. Filarete began the cathedral of Bergamo in 1457. His famous Trattato dell' Architettura, written for the instruction of the Duke Francesco Sforza, was begun abut 1460 and finished in 1464.
Mathieu de Layens,
He established himself at Louvain, Belgium, in 1445, as maître des maçonneries of that city. He designed the Hôtel de Ville at Louvain, the finest late Gothic building in Belgium, of which the first stone was laid March 29, 1448. It was finished in 1459.
Façade of a triumphal arch at Naples in the Castel-nuovo, erected in 1445 by the city of Naples in memory of the triumphal entry into this city of Alphonso I of Aragon; it is the work of Pietro di Martino, architect and sculpture of Milan.