Gilles le Breton
architect; d. 1552.
Three architects of this name, probably brothers, appear in France during the first half of the sixteenth century. Gilles le Breton was charged with the transformation of the chateau of Fontainebleau (Seine et Manie, France), probably from the commencement of the work about 1528 until his death in 1550, and to him are due the most interesting parts of that building. He built at Fontainebleau, about in the order given, the pavilion of the Porte Dorée with the buildings near it in the Cour Ovale and the so-called gallery of François I; in the main structure of the Cour du Cheval blanc, the chapel of la Trinité and the rez-de-chausísée of that portion nearest the pool; and, later, in the Cour Ovale, the Tour du Peristyle, the chapel of S. Saturnin, and the great hall called the Galerie Henri II. The splendid wooden ceiling of the Galerie Henri II is the work of Philibert de l'Orme, who succeeded Le Breton as architect of the building in 1550.
These statements are made on the authority of Léon Palustre. His attribution of the château of Fontainebleau to Gilles Le Breton appears to be the only one warranted by existing documents.
He built the castle of Vredenburg at Utrecht, Holland, for the Emperor Charles V, in 1528.
sculptor and architect.
Studied sculpture in Italy, and in 1528 established himself in Zaragoza, Spain, and worked on the choir of the cathedral in that city.