Jacques Germain Soufflot
architect; b. 1709; d. August 29, 1780.
After a journey to Asia Minor he returned to Lyons (France) about 1737, where he built the church of the Chartreux, and enlarged the Hôtel Dieu. In 1752 he took part in the competition for the creation of the Place Louis XV, now Place de la Concorde, in Paris (see Gabriel, J. A.). In 1754 he was charged with the reconstruction of the cathedral of Rennes, and in the same year the theater of Lyon was begun from his plans. In 1755 he designed the Hôtel at Bordeaux, and in that year replaced Cailleteau as contrôleur of the works at the château of Marly. In 1756 he designed the École de Droit (Paris). Soufflot made the plans for the church of S. Geneviève, afterwards called the Panthéon, in Paris, in 1764, and carried the building to the spring of the cupola. In 1772 he was appointed contrôleur général of the embellishments of the city of Lyon. Soufflot published Suite de plans, coupes, etc., de trois temples antiques . . . à Pestum (Paris, 1764), and Œuvres ou Recueils de plusieurs parties d'architecture (Paris, 1767).