440 BC



Hipppodamus
sophist and engineer (architektonos).
Hippodamus was probably from Miletus in Asia Minor. According to Aristotle (Politics, VII., 10, 4), he was the first to pay attention to the proper arrangement of cities. He laid out the PirŠus (the port of Athens) with wide streets radiating from the central Agora, and built the city of Rhodes in the form of a theater. He planned the new city of Thurium in Magna GrŠcia, 440 B.C., with streets crossing at right angles. His principles were adopted later in many important cities, such as Halicarnassus, Alexandria, and Antioch.


Temple of Poseidon (Sunium: 444-440 BC).

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