He was a native of the island of Thasos, in the Ęgean Sea, and probably came to Athens about 463 B.C. He was employed by Cimon (d. 449 B.C.) to decorate the temple of Theseus, the Anaceium, and the Pcile at Athens. He painted the so-called Lesche at Delphi. About 435 B.C. he was engaged on the decoration of the Pinacotheca, on the Acropolis at Athens. He painted the walls of the temple of Athena Areia at Platęa. Polygnotus was contemporaneous with Phidias.