1 a : an ancient Roman commentary in verse on some prevailing vise of folly b : a usually topical literary composition holding up human or individual vices, folly, abuses, or shortcomings to censure by means of ridicule, derision, burlesque, irony, or other method sometimes with an intent to bring about improvement c : LAMPOON 2 a : a branch of literature ridiculing vice or folly
outline/notes on Ichnographia satire:
1. Piranesi's delineation of the Horti Luciliani is the Ichnographia's nexus of satire.
2. There was no Horti Luciliani in ancient Rome, however, C. Lucilius was the father of Roman satire.
3. There is a small theater at one end of the Horti Luciliani, which is perfectly appropriate.
4. The main focal point of the Horti Luciliani plan is the Atrium Minervae, an atrium in honor of Minerva, the Roman goddess of wisdom, of sense and reflection, of the arts and sciences, of poetry, and of spinning and weaving.
5. In terms of true geography, Piranesi's positioning of the Horti Luciliani is exactly where the Horti Lucullani actual was and indeed, on the Ichnographia, should be. Could it be that Piranesi is here playing a somewhat satirical word game?
The green line traces the borders of the Horti Luciliani
2. the Atrium Minervae
3. the grand staircase leading to the Horti Luciliani