352 BC



Scopas
sculptor and architect.
Scopas was born in the island of Paros in the ∆gean Sea. In 352 B.C. he assisted in the sculptural decoration of the mausoleum of Halicarnassos. He built and decorated also the temple of Athena Alea at Tegea, which replaced the old sanctuary destroyed in 395 B.C. Some of the sculpture of the pediments of this building was discovered in the excavation made in 1879. A passage in Pliny, which has been doubted, indicated that he was employed in the decoration of the columns of the Artemision at Ephesus. A famous statue by Scopas was a Bacchante in the great theater of Athens. The temple of Apollo on the Palatine in Rome, contained an Apollo Citharúdos by Scopas, which is probably represented by a statue in the Vatican.

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