Jean-François Therèse Chalgrin
architect; b. 1739; d. January 21, 1811.
Chalgrin was a pupil of Servandoni and Moreau. He won the Grand Prix de Rome in 1757. On his return from Italy he was made inspector of public works of the city of Paris, under Moreau. About 1777 he rebuilt the northern tower of the church of S. Sulpice in Paris, and designed the organ loft of that church. Chalgrin is famous as the designer of the Arc de Triomphe de l'Etoile (Paris). Napoleon I (b. 1769; d. 1821) first intended that this monument, originally called Arc de Triomphe de la Grande Armée, should be placed on the Italian boundary. When work upon it was undertaken in 1806, he changed the location to the Place de la Bastille (Paris), and the name to Arc de Marengo. The location was objected to by the Académie de l'Architecture, and was changed to the present site. Chalgrin began the work in association with Jean Armand Raymond. Raymond retired in 1808, leaving Chalgrin in charge, who planned the arch much as it now appears. At his death the monument had been carried to the height of about 18 feet. (See Goust and Huyot.)
Robert Adam, Lord Derby’s House (London, England: 1777).