Martin Pierre Gauthier
architect; b. January 9, 1790 (at Troyes, France); d. May 19, 1855.
Gauthier was a pupil of Charles Percier, and in 1810 won the Grand Prix de Rome in architecture. Returning to Paris, he was made architect of the hospitals in association with Huvé in 1823, and alone in 1833. He is best known by his work, Les plus beaux édifices de la ville de Gênes et de ses environs, Paris, 1818-1831, 2 vols, folio.
Goust was appointed inspector of the works at the Arc de Triomphe de l'Étoile, Paris, under Chalgrin, whom he succeeded as architect of the building after his death in 1811. From 1813 to 1823 work on this monument was interrupted. From 1823 to 1830 it was continued by Goust in association with Huyot.
François Narcisse Pagot
architect; b. August 31, 1780; d. December 4, 1844.
A pupil of De la Barre, and the École des Beaux Arts. In 1803 he won the Grand Prix de Rome in architecture. Returning from Rome, he settled at Orleans, became architect of that city, and professor in the local school of Architecture. He built at Orleans the Palais de Justice, the grain market, an abattoir (1823), the library, an insane asylum 1828), laid out the botanical garden, and finished the portal of the cathedral.
T. F. Suys
He was a Belgian by birth and came to Paris in 1807. He studied with Percier and at the École des Beaux Arts. In 1812 he won the Grand Prix de Rome in architecture. On his return from Rome he was extensively employed in Belgium and Holland. Suys assisted Haudebourt in the preparation of his work on the Palais Massimi à Rome, and published himself Le Panthéon de Rome ( Brussels, 1838; grand folio).
Jean-Baptiste-Louis-George Seroux d'Agincourt, The History of Art through Its Monuments from Its Decline in the Fourth Century to Its Renewal in the Sixteenth (1811-1823).
Treatise on the Civil, Political, and Literary State of Greece and Italy in Relation to the Fine Arts.
Decline of Architecture from the Fourth Century to the Establishment of the Gothic System
1. Antique Architecture in its state of perfection among the Greeks and the Romans.
2. Commencement of the decline of Architecture in the reigns of Septimus Severus, Diocletian, and Constantine. Second, third, and fourth centuries.
3. View of the interior of a court of the palace of Diocletian at Spalatro. Third century.
4. Basilica of St. Paul outside the wall of Rome, in its different states from its foundation in the fourth century until destroyed by fire.
5. Arch of the nave of the Basilica of St. Paul, sustained by two columns of different periods and style. Fourth century.
6. Corinthian base and column from the nave of the Church of St. Paul, of the best period of art.
7. Composite base and capital from the nave of the church of St. Paul, of the time of the construction of the church, in the fourth century.
8. Basilica of St. Agnes outside the walls of Rome; Church of St. Constance; Temple of Nocera. Fourth Century.
9. Table of the most celebrated catacombs, Pagan and Christian.
10. Plan of the Etruscan Catacombs of the ancient Tarquinia, near Corneto.
11. Another Part of the Etruscan Tombs of Tarquinia.
12. Tomb of the Scipios; Catacomb of St. Hermes; Tomb of this saint converted into an altar.
13. Chapels and Oratories of the Catacombs, the Forms of which, introduced in Christian Churches, have served to modify those of Antique Architecture.
14. Plan of the Church of S. Martino ai Monti at Rome. Example of a church erected over a subterranean oratory. Fourth century.
15. The Churches of St. Nazarus and St. Celsus at Ravenna. Imitation of a subterranean sepulchral chapel. Fifth century.
16. The Church of St. Clement at Rome. The best preserved model of the arrangement of the primitive church. Fifth century.
17. Palaces, Churches, and other constructions of the time of Theodoric, at Terracina, and at Ravenna. Fifth and sixth centuries.
18. Mausoleum of Theodoric at Ravenna, now Sta. Maria della Rotunda. Sixth Century.
19. Plans, elevations, and details of the Salaro Bridge, on the Teverone, near Rome, rebuilt by Narses. Sixth century.
20. Ancient Temple of the Caffarella, two miles from Rome, outside the gate of St. Sebastian, and above the Fountain of Egeria. One of the earliest examples of a Pagan temple consecrated to the Christian religion. Fourth century.
21. St. Peter in Chains. Example of a church constructed with antique columns.
22. St. Stephen the Round at Rome. Examples of an antique edifice converted to a church. Fifth or sixth century.
23. Church of St. Vitali at Ravenna, built under the reign of Justinian, and from drawings brought from the East.
24. Form of the churches and style of the architecture in Italy, during the reign of the Lombards. Sixth, seventh, and eighth centuries.
25. Improved state of architecture in Italy under Charlemagne in the ninth, and the Pisans in the tenth and eleventh centuries.
26. The Church of St. Sophia at Constantinople, St. Marc and other churches at Venice, in the Modern Greek style. Tenth and eleventh centuries.
27. General view of the decline of Architecture in the East.
28. Lowest degree of the decline of Architecture in Italy. Thirteenth century.
29. Monastic edifices, plans, elevation, and details of the Monastery of Sta. Scholastica, at Subiaco, near Rome. Thirteenth century.
30. Plans and sections of the Cloisters of the Church of St. John Lateran, and of St. Paul outside the walls of Rome. Twelfth and thirteenth centuries.
31. Cloisters of the Church of St. Paul outside the walls of Rome; general sections at large, and details of the bases and capitals of the columns. Twelfth and thirteenth centuries.
32. Cloister of St. Paul outside the walls of Rome; plans and elevations at large of portion of the façade. Twelfth and thirteenth centuries.
33. Cloister of St. Paul. Detail of the entablature enriched with mosaics; ornaments sculptured between the arches. Twelfth and thirteenth centuries.
34. Plan, elevations, and detail of the House of Pilate at Rome. Eleventh century.
Reign of the system of architecture called Gothic, from the ninth, tenth, and eleventh centuries, to the middle of the fifteenth.
35. Earliest indications of Gothic Architecture in Italy, at the Abbey of Subiaco near Rome. Ninth, tenth, eleventh, and twelfth centuries.
36. Selection from different buildings, exhibiting the Gothic style, from its origin in the ninth, to the thirteenth century.
37. Plans, sections, and details of the upper and lower Churches of St. Francis ar Assisi. Thirteenth century.
38. Plan, section, and façade of the Church of St. Flavian, near one of the gate of Montefiascone. Eleventh and thirteenth centuries.
39. Plans, longitudinal sections, and parts at large of the Cathedral of Notre Dame, Paris. Twelfth and thirteenth centuries.
40. Porch, side elevation, view of the interior, and details of the decoration of Notre Dame at Paris. Twelfth and thirteenth centuries.
41. Principal monuments of Gothic Architecture, from different countries of Europe, in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, the most brilliant epoch of this system.
42. Chronological series of arches and other parts, which constitute the Gothic system of Architecture.
43. The Architecture of Sweden before the introduction of Gothic Architecture into that country.
44. State of Arabian Architecture in Europe, from the eighth to the fifteenth century.
45. Buildings from different countries, with some resemblance to the Gothic style, and which may have influenced its invention.
46. Conjectures on the origins, diverse forms, and employment of the pointed arch.
The revival of Architecture about the middle of the fifteenth century.
47. Plan and section of the Church of St. Laurence at Florance, by Philip Brunelleschi, the principal author of the revival of Architecture in the fifteenth century.
48. Inter-columniation and details of the interior order of the Church of St. Laurence at Florence, by Brunelleschi. Fifteenth century.
49. Plan, section, elevation, and details of the Church of the Holy Ghost at Florence, by Brunelleschi. Fifteenth century.
50. Collection of the principal works of Architecture by Philip Brunelleschi. Fifteenth century.
51. Plan, elevation, and details of the Church of St. Francis at Rimini, finished from the designs of Leon Baptista Alberti. Fifteenth century.
52. Churches of St. Andrew and St. Sebastian at Manuta, erected from the designs of Leon Baptista Alberti. Fifteenth century.
53. Triumphal Arch erected at Naples in honor of Alphonso the First of Aragon. Fifteenth century. Military fortifications.
54. Different Edifices erected at Rome and Naples. Thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth centuries.
55. Ancient theater of the Confratelli Della Passione at Velletri near Rome. Fifteenth century.
The re-establihment of Architecture at the end of the fifteenth century and the beginning of the sixteenth century.
56. Studies of Architecture drawn from the antique by Bramante and Antonio Sangallo.
57. The principal architectural works of Bramante Lazzari. Public buildings. Commencement of the sixteenth century.
58. Continuation of the works of Bramante Lazzari. Sacred edifices. Commencement of the sixteenth century.
59. Plans, elevations, and sections of the principal buildings erected from the designs of Michelangelo Bounarotti. Sixteenth century.
60. Details and profiles from the principal buildings constructed from the designs of Michelangelo. Sixteenth century.
61. Plans, sections, and details of the ancient and the new Basilica of St. Peter of the Vatican, Rome. Fourth, fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth centuries.
62. General view of the Basilica of St. Peter, and the Palace of the Vatican.
63. Forms of the principal Baptisteries, peculiar edifices, owing their origin to the establishment of the Christian religion.
64. Historical and chronological table of the fronts of Temples before and during the decline of Art.
65. Table of architraves, used as beams, employed in the interior of buildings during the decline of art, and the different forms of arches which were substituted for them.
66. Principal form of the vaults and ceilings employed in the sacred buildings during the decadence in art.
67. Chronological and historical table of the invention and employment of the cupola, or dome.
68. Table of the forms and proportions of the columns employed before and during the decline of art to its restoration.
69. Chronological table of the different kinds of bases and capitals employed from the commencement of the decline of art to the Eleventh century.
70. Continuation of the Chronological table of the bases and capitals employed from the Eleventh to the sixteenth centuries.
71. Methods of construction in use before and during the decline of art.
72. Table of the style of Civil Architecture, during its decline, compared with that which it took at its restoration.
73. General table of the monuments which have served to form the history of the decline of Architecture.