Histoire de l'art par les monuments...

065

Table of architraves used as beams employed during the decline of art and the different forms of arches which were substituted for them


1-2. Longitudinal section and plan of the Church of Sta. Maria in trastevere; fourth century. The architrave and entablature are here regularly employed, and continued horizontally without break.

3-4. Longitudinal section and plan of the Church of Sta. Maria Maggiore in Rome, another example of the judicious employment of the architrave and entablature.

5-6. Longitudinal section and plan of the Church of St. John of the Florintines at Rome, commenced under the pontificate of Leo X, from the designs of Sansovino, and terminated by James de la Porta.

7. Part of the interior order of the Baptistery of Constantine.

8. Architrave over the columns of the Church of S. Stephano rotondo.

9. Portion of the interior of the Temple of Peace [actually Basilica of Maxentius/Constantine], Rome. The architrave profiles over each column.

10-11. Entablature of the Church of St. Constance, commonly called the Temple of Bacchus.

12. Two divisions of the nave of the Church of St. Nicholas in carcere at Rome, in which there is no trace of an entablature.

13. Portion of the nave of the Church of St. Appolinarius in classe near Ravenna; the arches repose on a kind of rude architrave placed between them and the capitals of the columns.

14. Arches from the Cathedral of Pola.

15. Arcades from the Church of St. Vincent and St. Anastasius near Rome.

16. From the Church of Sta. Maria sopra Minerva.

17. From the Cathedral of Milan.

18. The use of the architrave again appears in the sixteenth century in the Church of St. Peter, as well as in many other churches built after its model.

19. Examples of the employment of the architrave by the Egyptians.

20. Part of the fašade of the palace Cavalli at Venice; in the place of an entablature we have arches interlaced in the Moorish style.

21. From the Mosque of Cordova.

22. Another part of the interior of the Mosque of Cordova; the interlacing arches offer some analogy to those of the Palace Cavalli, no. 20.






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