Pierre Desaubeaux or Desaubeaulx
architect and sculptor.
Desaubeaux worked on the château of GailIon (Eure, France) at the beginning of the sixteenth century. Between 1520 and 1524 he made the bas-relief of the "Tree of Jesse," in the tympanum over the main door of the cathedral of Rouen, France. From 1523 to 1525 he worked on the monument of the cardinals d'Amboise at the cathedral of Rouen.

Second plan of Church of St. Peter by Balthazar Peruzzi of Siena, when he was named architect by Leo X in 1520, after the deaths of Julio Sangallo, Friar Joconde, and of Raphael. This plan, in which a Greek cross is substituted for a Latin cross, was like the former never executed, and the idea even would have been lost had not Serlio, disciple of Peruzzi, preserved it.

14-16. Plan, portion of the interior decoration, and transverse section of the sacristy of the Church of St. Laurence at Florence, and called the chapel of the Princes, erected from the designs of Michael Angelo.

17. Part of the section of the Chapel of the Princes.
18. Details of the interior decoration of the same chapel.

Plan and elevation of the Villa Madama at Rome. From Vasari we learn that shortly after the death of Raphael in 1520, Cardinal Julio de Medicis engaged Julio Romano to construct this villa. The works were undertaken with great expedition, but were suspended in 1521 by the death of Leo X. Vasari adds, that after the death of Adrian VI, who succeeded Leo X, Julio de Medicis having been raised to the Papal chair in 1523, under the title of Clement VII, Julio Romano immediately recommenced the works in the Hall of Constantine at the Vatican; but he is silent on the subject of the Villa Madama, from which it may be concluded that the works were not then continued. Shortly after, in 1524, Julio Romano retired to Mantua; and in 1527 came the sacking of Rome, events which prevented the continuation of the works and caused them to remain in the incomplete state in which we now see them. The name Madama was given to this house because it belonged to Madame Margaret of Austria, natural daughter of Charles V, married at first to Alexander de Medicis, nephew of Clement VII, and afterwards to Octavio Farnese, duke of Parma. This villa has since become the property of the sovereigns of Naples, the inheritors of the House of Farnese.




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