Houses Under a Common Roof
William A. M. Burden House
Mt. Kisco, New York, 1956
Housing for La Villette
Highrise of Homes
Two of Philip's most provocative projects of the 1950s were never built. The William A. M. Burden House of 1955, more fully defined in drawings than the Walter Chrysler House of 1952, may stand for both of them. It consisted of three separate one-story cubic pavilions mounted on a high podium and sheltered by a hugh column-free steel and glass canopy-frame open on all four sides. The pavilions accommodated differing functions: the living-dining space; another, the family bedrooms; a third, a guest bedroom suite. Breuer's binuclear houses may have been an antecedent, but no Breueresque connections were used. There is, in fact, more evidence of the two architects Philip mentioned in is remarks about the Wiley House. The podium surely represented Mies, as did the great canopy, its roof supported on long trusses in emulation of Mies;s stupendous Convention Hall project of 1953-54, meant for Chicago. The pavilions themselves were further suggestive of Mies in their rectilineally abstract elevations, but as a group of separate units, they harked back to Emil Kaufmann's reading of Ledoux's "Autonomen-Architektur." Trees and sculpture pools would have shared the podium with the pavilions, the whole ensemble a massive study of parts within parts within a whole--Philip's tendency to compartmentalize convincingly united Mies's drive for simplicity. If completed, the Burden House would have been an unsurpassed fulfillment of its architect's dream to achieve monumentality in the modernist idiom.
--Franz Schulze, Philip Johnson: Life and Work (1994), pp214-16.
Osmosis and Electro-Magnetism: an Outside Inside Architecture
...a comparative analysis of the Maison l'Homme and Plecnik's Houses Under a Common Roof and Krier's curvy housing at La Villette.
scale and architecture
...the extra/separate roof element to add scale to the house -- Plecnik's Houses Under a Common Roof, Maison l'Homme, Krier's housing at La Villette.
Maison l'Homme -Governor's Palace comparison
...Maison l'Homme next to the Governor's Palace (in elevation)... ...the raised roof garden of the palace is very similar to the separate roof of Maison l'Homme... ...the notion that the raised roof of each is like a sun shade... ...roof brise-soleil.
Today, at Archive of Affinities, Philip Johnson's 1956 design of the Burden House is mislabled as the 1954 Davis House.
Nevertheless, I was intrigued by the Burden House plan to find its design in three dimensions.
This reinvigorates the analysis of 'houses under a common roof' -- Houses Under a Common Roof, Maison l'Homme, Housing for La Villette, and even brings Leon Krier's 1977-84 Hypostyle House into the study.
Which strangely leads back to the first image at Archive of Affinities today, Site's 1981 Highrise of Homes:
14071503 Houses Under a Common Roof, William A. M. Burden House, Maison l'Homme, Housing at La Villette, plans within District Q of New Not There City
14071504 Houses Under a Common Roof, model in register with District Q of New Not There City
14071505 Maison l'Homme, model in register with District Q of New Not There City
14071506 Housing at La Villette, model in register with District Q of New Not There City