The Paradigm-Shifting Architectures of Closely Related Imperials     8200

The Roman Empresses     8200b
on Eustathius     8200c
St. Helena in "On the Death of Theodosius"     8200d
St. Helen in Butler's Lives of the Saints     8200e
On Helena in Eusebius, Vitae Constantini     8200f
On Helena in Socrates, The Ecclesiastical History     8200g
On Helena in Sozomen, The Ecclesiastical History     8200h
On Helena in Theodoret, The Ecclesiastical History     8200i
Helena in the Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors     8200j
On Eutropia in Eusebius, Vitae Constantini     8200k
the case against Eutropia as Theodora's mother     8200l
on dating Eutropia's journey through the Holy Land     8200m
Pohlsander's omission of Eutropia     8200n
on Eutropia in The Roman Empresses     8200o
Eutropia's confession about the father of Maxentius     8200p
Eutropia in the Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors     8200q
note on excavations at Santa Costanza     8200r
online information on Trier and its buildings     8200s
on Trier, from the Catholic Encyclopedia     8200t
Trier Cathedrals, text     8200u
Church of St. Mary, Osor (Croatia, island on the Adriatic coast)     8200v
Macarius from Butler's Lives of the Saints     8200w
Julian and the Holy Temple     8200x

Hypothesis 1999     8201
body politic     8201b
location location     8201c
textual sources     8201d
neo-legend     8201e

dossier   8210   b   c   d   e   f   g   h   i   j   k   l   m   n   o   p   q   r   s   t

0040     Circus of Gaius and Nero     8202

0135     Circus of Hadrian     8203
              Mausoleum of Hadrian     8204

0199     De Spectaculis     8205

0221     palatium Sessorianum     8206
              Circus Varianus     8207

              chronology     8208

0246     0249     0250     0270     0272     0275     0278     0283     0284     0285     0289     0293

0300     Palace of Diocletian     8209
              Porta Nigra     8212

0302     Baths of Diocletian     8215

0303     0305     0306

0307     Temple of Venus and Rom     8218

0308     Basilica of Maxentius/Constantine     8221

0309     Mausoleum of Romulus/Villa of Maxentius     8224
              Circus of Maxentius     8227

0310     Basilika Palastaula     8230
              Baths of Constantine     8233


0312     Basilica Constantiniana     8236

0313     Arch of Janus Quadrifrons     8239
              Thermae Helenae     8242
              Basilica Santa Agnese     8245

0314     Basilica Santes Marcellino et Pietro 8248
              Mausoleum of Constantine     8248
              Basilica of St. Lawrence     8251
              Basilica of St. Sebastian     8254

0315     Arch of Constantine     8257
              Baths of Constantine     8260

0316     0317     0318

0319     San Pietro in Vaticano     8263

0320     0322     0323     0324

0325     Church of the Holy Sepulchre     8266
              Church of the Nativity     8269
              Church on the Mount of Olive     8272

0326     Santa Croce in Gerusalemme     8275 8275b 8275c

0327     Trier Cathedral     8278
              Basilica at Mamre     8281


0330     Constantinople     8284

0335     Life of Pope Sylvester     8285

0336     0337     0338

0349     Mausoleum of Constantina     8287


0363     Temple of Jerusalem     8290

0364     Scala Santa     8292

0380     Basilica of St. Paul     8294

0388     Ambrose and Theodosius    

0390     Ambrose and Theodosius   Cathedral of Ravenna     8296

0395     Ambrose and Theodosius

0425     churches of Galla Placidia Augusta     8298

0439     0440     0443

0453     Saint Pulcheria    

0648     TYPE of Silence    

0656     Saint Martin I    

  40   Circus of Gaius and Nero
135   Circus of Hadrian
135   Mausoleum of Hadrian
199   De Spectaculis
221   palatium Sessorianum
221   Circus Varianus
248   23 September: Flavia Julia Helena born at Drepanum, Bithynia (Herkes, Turkey)

Persecution of the Christians under emperor Decius.
Earliest date associated with the martyrdom of Saint Agnes.

Helena meets and begins co-habitation with Roman officier Constantius Chlorus, who later became Roman Emperor Constantius I.

C. Flavius Valerius Claudius Constantinus (Constantine the Great) born at Naissus, Moesia Superior (Nis, Serbia), son of Constantius Chlorus and Helenas.

Constantius Chlorus is praeses (provincial governor) of Dalmatia.

1 March: Establishment of the First Tetrarchy: Augustus Diocletian in Nicomedia; Augustus Maximian in Milan; Caesar Galerius in Thessalonike; Caesar Constantius in Trier.
Constantius separates from Helena and in turn marries Theodora, (step)daughter of Augustus Maximian.
Constantine remains at the court of Diocletian at Nicomedia, while the whereabouts of Helena are uncertain.

Eusebius sees Constantine for the first time in Palestine as Constantine and Diocletian make their way toward Egypt to suppress a rebellion.
Palace of Diocletian
Porta Nigra

The Great Presecution of the Christians under Diocletian
23 February: The Christian Church in Nicomedia is torn down.

1 May: Diocletian and Maximian retire as emperors and the Second Tetrarchy is established: Augustus Galerius (the Balkens and Aisa Minor); Augustus Constantius (Gaul, Britian and Spain); Caesar Maximinus Daia (the eastern provinces); Caesar Severus (Italy, Pannonia and Africa).
Flavius Julius Crispus born somewhere in the East, the son of Constantine and his mistress Minervina.

Constantine joins his father Constantius in the west, and assists him in a campaign against the Picts (in modern-day Scotland)
25 July: Constantius dies at Eburacum (York); Constantine is immediately proclaimed Augustus by his soldiers.
Galerius offers a compromise Third Tetrarchy: Severus as Augustus and Constantine as Caesar.
Constantine takes up principle residence at Trier (till 312); Helena may have joined Constantine's household at this point.
28 October: The Senate and the Praetorian Guard in Rome proclaim Maxentius (son of former Augustus Maximian) as emperor princeps. Maximian comes out of retirement to support his son.



Quondam © 2019.08.12