Karl Friedrich Schinkel

Altes Museum     Berlin

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Haus der Kunst   2306
Schizophrenic Folds   2307
Lustgarten   2334
Altes Museum ohne Saulen   2374
Cut & Paste Museum   2386

Altes Museum - virtual redux   3401
inside-out Altes Museum   3407
[hyper]murals @ the Altes Museum   3410
individual building comparisons   3412

Stirling's Muses Part 1   5697

[S]chinkel's Altes Museum was to construct a new building type--"Museum"--suitable for the exhibition of a number of kinds of historical artifacts, in different combinations and chronologies. This required at once a more neutral and a more open structure: which nevertheless had in some way to "speak" of its historical function. The solution was to construct a building that allowed several routes and exhibition plans, while utilizing architecture and its own historical motifs to refer to the past. Schinkel, as is well known, combined three architectural types in one: the basic plan was that of a palace, a reference to the royal residence that faced the museum across the square. Inserted into its center was the Pantheon, emblem of historical memory. And for the entrance, Schinkel adopted not a temple (used elsewhere in London and Munich), but a stoa, the open colonnade of Greek democracy; a politically evocative choice.
Anthony Vidler, "Reconstructing Modernism - The Architecture of James Stirling" in Skyline, Novenber 1981, p.16-17.

scale and architecture
The issue of sun breaker stemming from Hurva Synagogue is more akin to the Altes Museum (with its large inside/outside porch).

scale and architecture
...it is tempting to discuss the similarity between the Museum for Nordrhein Westfalen and the Altes Museum (i.e., metabolic development)...

scale and architecture
The Museum of Knowledge... The plan of the building is perhaps deceptive in its simplicity, meaning it is a larger space than it seems to be, and it would be worthwhile to compare the plan with other plans, starting with the Dominican Motherhouse plan and the Altes Museum and the Museum of Arts & Crafts plans.

scale and architecture
I could compare the stone work of Wallraf-Richartz Museum with the stone work of the Customs Office of the Neue Packhof, the Altes Museum, and even the Museum for Nordrhein Westfalen. ...not sure if a comparison of the different museum plans would demonstrate anything, ...make a nice documentation.

scale and architecture
...compare Wanamaker's Department Store to the Altes Museum (because of the stoa at ground level)...

scale and architecture
Capital Park West... The real scale issue here is the irony of how a car garage can take on such a massive scale, and in many ways is comparable to the repetition of Wanamaker's and perhaps even he Altes Museum.

regarding the Hurva Synagogue   3138k

regarding the Museum of Arts and Crafts   3138l

regarding St. Pierre at Firminy-Vert   3138m

Stirling interpretations  

S/AM: notes on Vidler's "Losing Face"
V. p.91: V. speaks of Stirling completing "a series begun with Schinkel and continued with Le Corbusier" ...this should be illustrated, including the Mondail, perhaps even all in 3D.
V. p.91: V. goes on to "recognize that Schinkel's museum had itself already begun to suppress what, traditionally at least, might be termed a face". ...add Boullee's project for the remodeling of the Royal Library, Paris, 1785.
V. p.92) V. brings up a "peculiar reversal" which is a description of all the ways that Stirling "dismantled," defaced," and "disemboweled" the Altes Museum with his museum at Stuttgart. ...present my counter argument. Especially countering all of the Vidler points.

S/AM post-Vidler/Rowe
...the Stirling/Altes Museum connection is not only to be found at Stuttgart, but at Düsseldorf as well.
The issue of "defacement" is very evident at Düsseldorf, where the pavilion is in fact the face removed and turned into an independent entity.
With the "face" pulled away, the building's interior is pulled with it, and, like Schinkel's porch at the Altes Museum, a realm of exterior/interior ambiguity is created. This inside/outside area of the Museum for Nordrhein Westfalen is the step before the "porch" of the Altes Museum becomes totally open (outside, exterior) at the Neue Staatsgalerie.
The circumstance at Düsseldorf that confirms the Altes Museum connection is the vertical circulation that is now exposed by the removal (transposition) of the buildings facade (face). Two different means of ascension (a ramp and an elevator) are disposed (placed) symmetrically with regard to the museum's central axis through the main building block and the circular court. The twin staircases at the Altes Museum are transformed into a "modern" idiom at Düsseldorf. This is the key that locks the design connection into place. There is some reference to the dual ascension at the Neue Staatsgalerie, especially immediately behind the "screen" of trees. The rest of the vertical circulation at Stuttgart is not symmetrically positioned, yet there is the grouping of ramp and elevator used in the buildings lobby.
...make reference to the ramp and elevator combination that first appeared in Stirling's work at the Olivetti Headquarters Milton Keynes, but the dual vertical motif found a perfect place within the Schinkel/Altes Museum analogy. The Olivetti design does, however, point back to Le Corbusier (and even to Hejduk/Bye House) and particularly the Maison Dom-ino. The Olivetti building, of course, also has broader connections to Le Corbusier's Olivetti Center at Milan...

Gooding House and Altes Museum comparison and contrast
A gutted Gooding House compared to a gutted Altes Museum and the rustic hut.

Altes Museum - virtual redux
...a virtual re-design of the Altes Museum. ...extending the base of the museum out as far as possible (like the plaza at Stirling's Düsseldorf museum) and placing a parking garage underneath, and new design elements incorporated on the plaza and at its edges. ...[perhaps] introduce typologically shaped voids within the plaza as well.

Quondam & Towards a New Dexterity
...an illustrated essay displaying the Altes Museum as a skillful assembly of an architectural kit of parts. ...include the primative hut, the infill wall (Semper), the symbolism of the torcheres, the careful distinction of the parts, reference to Boullée and Laugier, and the architectural promenade.

architectural promenade   2120c

Schinkel/Campo Marzio connection   2120c 9020e

From: Stirling's Inheritance To: Stirling's Legacy Re: Stirling's Muses Part I  

inside-out Altes Museum
...a construction using the Altes Museum model whereby the exterior walls of the Altes Museum are used to create an interior courtyard. ...extend this exercise to include the whole building--a total inside-out building. ...first work on inverting the plan. ...creating whole new buildings through the manipulation of existing model data.

[hyper]murals @ the Altes Museum   2120c

BIA: inside/outside architecture
...many examples of inside/outside (osmotic) architecture [in] Quondam's collection. ...collect these buildings and more: Johnson's Glass House, Mies' Glass Tower, Pantheon, Altes Museum porch, Mikveh Israel Synagogue...

the Altes Museum as another Quondam branch   2120d

individual building comparisons   2120d

Ara Martis [complex]   2120d

new Quondam [ideas]   2120d

ideas   2120d

1998.11.13 15:11
Re: do tell   2120e

1998.12.20 13:15
Re: city making and city breaking   2120e

1999.06.27 19:23
limbo-schizophrenia   2120e

1999.09.29 18:35
the formula in words   2120e

patterns on mesh surfaces
...'hypermural and beyond' ideas... ...mesh surfaces in the Altes Museum porch, etc.

Lustgarten design so far as only the top/roof garden of a hypostyle design that raises hydraulically out of the lacuna. ...somehow incorporation the Altes Museum columns inside the walls of the lacuna, making a sunken courtyard.

Ottopian House II   2306c




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