Nicolas Marie Joseph Chapuy
architect and lithographer; b. 1790 (at Paris); d. July 23, 1858.
Chapuy assisted in the preparation of the great Voyage pittoresque et romantique dans l'ancienne France by Ch. Nodier, Baron Taylor, and Cailleux (20 vols., folio, Paris, 1820-1878), and the Voyage en Orient by the Marquis Léon de Laborde. In 1823 he brought out his series of the Cathédrales de France, with historic text by F. T. de Jolimont.
Friedrich von Gärtner
architect; b. December 10, 1793; d. April 21, 1847.
In 1809 Gärtner entered the academy in Munich, and in 1812 went to Paris, where he studied under Percier. He later travelled in Italy and Sicily. In 1820 he was appointed professor of architecture in the academy at Munich, and was at the same time director of the porcelain manufactory. In Munich he built most of the large buildings of the Ludwigstrasse, i.e. the Feldherrn-Halle (1841), the Ludwigskirche (finished 1845), the Library (1831-1842), the University (1835-1840), the Siegesthor (1844), and the Blinden Institut. He built also in Munich the Wittelsbacher palace (1843), the arcades of the New Cemetery, and other works. In 1836 he visited Athens, where he built the royal palace. In 1840 he built the Pompejanum near Aschaffenburg. Gärtner restored the cathedrals of Barnberg, Regensburg (Ratisbon), and Speier (Spires).
Gärtner was mentor to Gottfried Semper.
In 1820 he designed the memorial to Robert Burns at Ayr, Scotland, and April 28, 1825, laid the first stone of the High School, Edinburgh (Grecian Doric). He had a large practice in Scotland.
Karl Friedrich Schinkel
architect; b. March 13, 1781; d. October 9, 1841.
In 1797 he entered the Academy in Berlin and studied under David and Friedrich Gilly. In 1820 he was appointed professor in the Academy at Berlin and in 1839 Oberlandbaudirector. He visited Italy, including Istria and Sicily, France and England. In 1834 he made a design for a royal palace on the Acropolis at Athens which, fortunately, was never executed. Among the most important of his buildings are the museum in Berlin (1824-1828), the Royal Theatre in Berlin (1819-1821), the fine Nicolai Kirche at. Potsdam, the Königs-Wache in Berlin (1818), the Schloss-Wache in Dresden, the fine architectural school in Berlin, the Charlottenhof and Casino at Potsdam, etc. Schinkel was much interested in the construction of Protestant churches in the Gothic style, the most important of these being the Werder Kirche in Berlin. He made a design for the completion of the cathedral of Cologne, which was never executed.
chronological list of works
Watercolor drawing by Joseph Gandy, exhibited by Soane in the Royal Academy.